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Developing Multi-Hazard District Disaster Management Plan in Bihar

Supaul, Saharsa, Madhepura and Bhojpur, Bihar, India
Started In: 
Supported By: 
Government of Bihar

Disaster Management Act, 2005 mandated to develop District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP) for all the districts of India. In this process, the Government of Bihar (GoB) has been developing multi-hazard DDMPs for all the 38 districts of the state. Bihar is a state with high hopes and aspirations. While often referred to as "Resurgent Bihar", it is still known for recurrent disasters (natural and human-induced), endemic poverty and caste-ridden society.

GEAG was entrusted to prepare multi-hazard DDMPs for  Supaul, Saharsa, Madhepura and Bhojpur Districts of Bihar with an objective to provide a long-term development-oriented approach to disaster risk management.


Following are the major steps undertaken:

  • Formation of a core team with the departments and officials who are involved in most of the response mechanisms. It catered to further invitations of representatives of civil societies and interactive consultation on tools and methodologies
  • Hazard, Vulnerability and Capacity Risk Assessment for each district
  • Iterative shared learning dialogues with different line departments to comprehend their capacities and weakness at system, agent and institution level
  • Strengthening of community-based institutions
  • Assessment of awareness level among different stakeholders
  • Identification of vulnerability hotspots


Following are the key outcomes:

  • Identification of vulnerable areas/ points in the district to different natural and man-made hazards
  • Involvement of community and lower administrative units such as Block, Panchayat and village stakeholders in comprehending the underlying risks and developing action plan for risk reduction
  • Assessment of awareness level among different stakeholders through direct engagement on the disaster mitigation perspective
  • Assessment of autonomous adaptation and good practice at community and institutional level to integrate into the plan at all levels
  • Cross cutting issues like the impact of climate change, gender and school safety were also considered while assessing the HRVCA
  • DDMP of respective districts were shared with district administration