Fragility, Complexity and Development: A Political Economy Analysis of Kosi Basin
Kosi Sub-basin has been a focus of a variety of hydrological interventions for irrigation, flood control, up-stream hydropower development, livelihood programmes designed to generate incomes in riverine communities, navigational use, ecological restorations, and forest and wildlife conservation.
This project aimed to conduct a Political Economy Analysis (PEA) of the Kosi Sub-basin to better comprehend the role of the different actors, the interests of these diverse groups and to bring about a dialogue seeking commonality for the sustainability of the basin.
The project identified the key issues of the Kosi basin and multi-layered key stakeholders who are related to the basin’s resources and diverse interventions, their political and economic interests at different scales (sub-basin, regional, national and trans-national), intervention designs (flood control, irrigation, hydropower generation, infrastructure development, tourism, livelihood development and conservation and restoration of natural resources and biodiversity.
The key impacts/ messages are:
The major impact of the project was the development of the political economic analysis report which recommended the following points to resolve the Kosi basin issues and challenges:
- PEA of the Kosi basin helped to unpack the dynamic interactions among natural, social, political and economic systems between India and Nepal
- The project identified the key issues and challenges of the basin and gave directions to resolve the issues through community participation