Technical and Operational Support to BSPM and Other Micronutrient Programmes in Uttar Pradesh
The Government of India has recommended administration of 9 doses of vitamin A to the children of 6 to 59 months in every 6 months interval to reduce under-5 mortality rate. Keeping this in view, a biannual strategy through Bal Swasthya Poshan Mah (BSPM) was adopted by the State Government of Uttar Pradesh to improve the coverage of Vitamin A supplementation among children. During the BSPM months (June and December), the health sector is assigned with the task of providing immunization, Vitamin A supplementation and other services to the beneficiaries while ICDS sector is responsible for weighing, nutritional counselling, mobilizing beneficiaries for using the services by organizing intensive social mobilization and IEC activities. The activities of these biannual months have been linked with the routine immunization days of ANM (Wednesday & Saturdays).
Nutrition International (previously known as Micronutrient Initiative) has been supporting Government of Uttar Pradesh since 2010 through facilitating BSPM and other micro-nutrient programmes under the Vitamin A related project “Increasing Vitamin A coverage by supporting health systems in the state of Uttar Pradesh” in 30 districts of Uttar Pradesh. NI, with its implementation partner, GEAG provided techno-managerial assistance in the field through Divisional Coordinators for supporting district and Block level officials. Support was provided in planning and execution of the BSPM with integration of Routine Immunizations and other package of services at the same platform.
The project was implemented in 30 districts (27 districts & 3 Urban-Meerut, Kanpur & Agra). A total of 312 blocks were covered in 27 districts.
The programmatic strategies of this intervention can be divided into six different areas of operation:
- Timely and adequate procurement and distribution of Vitamin A/IFA tablets and Zinc/ORS
- Planning, execution and review of strategies to ensure maximum coverage
- Data maintenance and timely reporting
- Coordination and convergence among various departments.
- Capacity building
- Monitoring and handholding
Following are the major impacts of the programme:
- Improved coverage of Vitamin A Supplementation & Zinc ORS in NI’s intervention districts and blocks
- Improved procurement and timely distribution
- Improved monitoring and quick corrective measures
- Improved data recording and reporting