Weather Agro Advisories Paper
Gandak is one of the major rivers flowing across the India-Nepal border which supports the livelihood of large population on both the sides. People are largely dependent on agriculture based economy and majority of the farmers belong to small and marginal categories - the small piece of land being the only source of income to support the livelihood of families.
Floods have been a recurring phenomenon causing problems for the people inhabited in adjoining areas. The changing climate trends causing deviations in flood patterns and disruptions of river basin ecology have exacerbated the impacts of floods. Intermittent dry spells and scanty rainfall also affects this flood prone area.
The river has inter linked hydrology, ecosystem and livelihoods on both sides of the border. To maintain the river ecosystems and sustained natural resources for the benefit of people directly dependent on such resources, it is important that the cooperation and collaboration amongst the people on both sides of the border is active and supportive. The upland and low land connect along the river course is crucial for flood warnings and preparedness needed for disaster risk reduction. Such cooperation is also critical in strengthening response, rehabilitation and mitigation measures.
The cropping patterns on the either sides of the border are quite similar and hence the input needs for agriculture and related activities are also common because of uniformity of agro- ecosystems across border. Information is one of most crucial factor for small-marginal and women farmers who are largely disconnected from mainstream extension and information services living in the areas close to national boundary. However, because of the limitation of national boundary and the formal process of information flow, amongst the two governments, the information system across the border is complex and delayed.
Local weather advisories with practical information that can be readily used in making crucial decisions in farming are much more realistic, and useful to farmers in comparison to the meteorological information available at macro scale.