Due to lack of proper irrigation facilities in the peri-urban areas of Gorakhpur, the small and marginal farmers use wastewater for irrigation to minimize the irrigation cost. Consumption of vegetables grown with this water creates a huge risk of diseases. Sanitation is another problem of the peri-urban areas because most of the villages in peri-urban areas neither have proper drainage system nor the latrine system. Open defecation is still very prevalent in these villages. Untreated disposal of sewage and open defecation contaminates the underground water which is the only source of drinking water. Hence, the treatment of wastewater and the checking of open defecation are prerequisites for maintaining the good health and hygiene status in the area.
GEAG proposed and supported the construction of Decentralized Waste Water Treatment Plants (DEWATS) in the peri-urban areas with the objective of demonstrating decentralized community managed wastewater treatment system. These systems recycle the sewer water for a cheap, safe and reliable source of irrigation round the year or for safe disposal in reservoirs for sustainable sanitation.
DEWATS is a civil construction of treating wastewater without any extra energy, recurring expenditure and with least labour, operation and maintenance cost.
Following are the key activities undertaken by GEAG: