Duration: 2017- onwards
Sustainable Livelihoods, Climate Resilient Agriculture, LEISA
Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected forest in the West Champaran District of Bihar. Most of the inhabitants of the villages located around it are marginalized communities of SC and ST categories namely Tharus, Mushar, Beens, Dhakad etc. who are poor, least literate and unaware about the new innovations of farming, livelihood and government schemes/programmes and linkages with them. The families are dependent on farming and various resources of the forest. Recurring floods, climate change impacts, low productivity, pest attacks, crop damages due to floods and wild animals are the biggest challenges for the agricultural activities and other sources of livelihood in this area.
With this backdrop, the project aimed to reduce the risk of natural disasters like droughts and floods as well as crop damage by wildlife. The key approach adopted was to create robust agricultural models which are climate resilient and least dependent on external inputs. Further, Farmers Field School (FFS), Agro Service Centres (ASC) and Self Help Groups (SHG) were trained and oriented on new skills and techniques for better productivity, integrated farm systems, extra income generation and enhanced linkages to available extension schemes. Introducing environment-friendly and locally adopted appropriate energy technology to reduce community's dependency on fuelwood collected from the forest was also one of the key objectives of the project.
Following are the key outcomes of the project:
Extension System Based